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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 29(单词带例句)

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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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apostate

n. person who gives up his faith or turns away from his religion 叛教者;变节者

Hector was an apostate of the Democratic party, and not only joined the Republicans but also became a party leader.

赫克特脱离了民主党,他不仅加入共和党,而且还成为党的领袖。

Synonym

同义词:renegade; defector; turncoat

Antonym

反义词:adherent; convert

aquatic

adj. related to water 水的;水生的

Unlike fish, aquatic mammals breathe air and have hair, not scales.

水生的哺乳动物和鱼类不同,他们呼吸空气,而且身上长着毛发而非鳞片。

* mammal

哺乳动物

* scale

鳞片

calorific

adj. producing heat 生热的

As natural gas is very calorific, it would make an ideal fuel for this engine.

由于天然气非常容易生热,它会是这种引擎的理想燃料。

cardiac

adj. related to the heart (关于)心脏的

After his heart attack, Joseph was placed in the hospital's cardiac care unit.

心脏病发作后,约瑟夫被安置在医院的心脏科病房。

corpuscle

n. blood cell 血球

The nurse took some blood from Winston's arm so a corpuscle count could be done in the laboratory.

护士从温斯顿的手臂抽取血液,送至实验室做血球数量检验。

demoniac

adj. demonlike; devilish 似恶魔的;凶恶的

Babysitting that demoniac brat was a mistake Rosa would not make again.

当那个恶魔般的小鬼的临时保姆,这种错误罗莎永远不愿再犯。

* babysit

当临时保姆

* brat

小鬼;淘气鬼

Synonym

同义词:fiendish; diabolic; satanic

Antonym

反义词:angelic

enigmatic

adj. puzzlelike, puzzling 谜一般的;难解的

To many parents, teenager5 s liking for music parents consider noise is enigmatic.

对许多父母而言,青少年喜爱那些父母认为是噪音的音乐,令人难以理解。

Synonym

同义词:mysterious; cryptic; inscrutable

follicle

n. small sac 小囊;滤泡

?

adj. follicular

As he was bald as a billiard ball, Brian was very interested in the new chemical that would stimulate dead hair follicles.

由于秃头,布莱恩对于能剌激死去毛囊的新化学药品,非常感兴趣。

* billiard ball

撞球

fructify

v. to produce fruit; to become fruitful 结果实

Due to the dry local climate, the coconut tree Anne planted never fructified.

由于当地气候干燥,安种植的椰子树从未结果实。

idiosyncrasy

n. way of behaving peculiar to a person 特质;习性

Always drinking a glass of low-fat milk after lunch is a little idiosyncrasy of Jeremy's.

午餐后喝一杯低脂牛奶,是杰瑞米一个小小的的癖好。

Synonym

同义词:peculiarity; characteristic; eccentricity

imponderable

adj. that cannot be weighed or measured 无法衡量的

The effect on the public mind of such an event is imponderable.

这个事件对一般人心理的影响是无法衡量的。

Synonym

同义词:unmeasurable; incalculable

insolvency

n. bankruptcy; inability to pay debts 破产

After he failed to make payments on his business loan, the bank forced Roger's company into insolvency.

由于罗杰无法支付他的商业贷款,银行强迫他宣布公司破产。

Synonym

同义词:liquidation

interminable

adj. unable to be ended 无终止的

The nanny could no longer stand the child's interminable questions of "why."

小孩子不停地问「为什么」,让奶妈再也受不了。

Synonym

同义词:ceaseless; infinite; never-ending

lapidary

n. one who cuts, polishes, or engraves gems 宝石匠

Since her father is a lapidary, Shirley has gained some understanding of gems?

因为父亲是个宝石匠,雪莉对于宝石有些了解。

magnify

v. to make greater 1. 扩大 2. 夸大

The outbreak of fires after the earthquake magnified the death toll by hundreds.

地震后发生的火灾,使死亡人数增加了数百人。

* toll

伤亡人数

Synonym

同义词:1. expand; amplify 2. exaggerate; inflate

Antonym

反义词:1. minimize 2. understate

molecule

n. small mass 分子

?

adj. molecular

A water molecule is made up of two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen.

水分子是由二个氢原子和一个氧原子所组成的。

* atom

原子

* hydrogen

* oxygen

Synonym

同义词:particle

mollify

v. to make calmer or quieter 缓和

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n. mollification

The gentle piano playing coming from the neighbor's house mollified Mrs. Tate5s mood.

隔壁传来柔和的钢琴声,缓和了泰特太太的情绪。

Synonym

同义词:pacify; relieve; soothe

Antonym

反义词:exasperate

obstinacy

n. stubbornness 顽固

?

adj. obstinate

The father slowly overcame his obstinacy and allowed his youngest daughter to travel abroad alone.

那个父亲渐渐地克服顽固的个性,允许他的小女儿单独出国旅行。

Synonym

同义词:doggedness; obduracy; tenacity

Antonym

反义词:compliance; docility; tractability

petrify

v. 1. to make into stone 使变成石头2. to freeze with fear 使僵硬

Centuries of being buried deep in the earth caused the wood artifacts to petrify.

深埋于土里数世纪使得木制品石化了。

The thought of riding on a roller coaster petrifies Anthony.

想到要坐云霄飞车,安东尼就吓呆了。

* artifact

人工制品

* roller coaster

云霄飞车

Synonym

同义词:1. fossilize; calcify 2. stiffen; harden

plausible

adj. seeming to be reasonable 似合理的

Although it was plausible the fire was started by natural causes, we still suspected arson.

虽然大火似乎有可能是自然引起的,我们还是怀疑有人为纵火。

* arson

纵火

Antonym

反义词:illogical; incredible; unreasonable

relevancy

n. quality of being connected with the subject 贴切;关联

There is no relevancy between my interest in going skiing and the fact that Kelly will be at the ski resort.

我想去滑雪和凯莉将会在那个滑雪胜地出现,这两件事之间没有关联。

Synonym

同义词:pertinence; applicability

soporific

adj. making sleepy 想睡的;催眠的

Our chemistry teacher's soporific lectures usually leave half the class nodding off.

我们化学老师讲课像在催眠,常使全班一半的同学打瞌睡。

* nod off

打瞌睡

Synonym

同义词:slumberous; somnolent; hypnotic

sudorific

adj. making someone sweat 使发汗的

In this heat and humidity, even walking around the block is a sudorific activity.

天气这么炎热潮湿,连沿着街道走都会使人岀汗。

supernumerary

adj. person in excess of the normal number 1. 冗员 2. 临时演员

The director arranged to have a number of supernumeraries appear on the set that day.

导演安排许多临时演员当天到摄影棚来。

* set

(戏剧、电影等的)布景

Synonym

同义词:1. extra 2. stand-in; walk-on

vilify

v. to say evil things about someone 谤诽,中伤

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n. vilification

The country accused the world media of vilifying their judiciary system.

该国指控世界的媒体中伤他们的司法制度。

* judiciary

司法的

Synonym

同义词:malign; defame; libel; slander

Antonym

反义词:eulogize; commend; praise

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